Stigma is the discrediting, devaluing, and shaming out of a person due to characteristics otherwise attributes one to it possess. Basically, stigma contributes to negative personal skills particularly isolation, rejection, marginalization, and you may discrimination. If the associated with a health issue for example mental illness, stigma can impact someone’s illness and treatment, in addition to access to appropriate and health-related therapy. Stigma was also stated to help you apply to patients’ family members otherwise friends, along with professionals who operate in rational healthcare setup. Stigma try highly influenced by cultural and you will contextual worthy of systems that differ through the years and you can across the contexts. Although not, minimal information is on just how sort of stigma is knowledgeable by people that have mental illness and you can mental health nurses for the Indonesia.
We browsed the latest stigma-relevant experiences away from 15 nurses and you may fifteen clients during the Indonesia. The analysis structure and you will study out of interviews studies were led from the deductive (directed) content analysis.
Five templates came up. Five layouts was in fact patient-related: personal/patients’ stigma, public/social stigma, relatives stigma, and you may employment stigma. The new fifth theme connected with stigma on healthcare professionals dealing with customers having intellectual ailments, which we categorized given that elite group stigma.
This research provides reached a deep understanding of the concept of stigma regarding the Indonesian context. It insights are a necessity for development suitable treatments one to address which phenomenon and you will and thus for the growth of psychological state characteristics inside the Indonesia. This study could be transferable to other countries one share equivalent social experiences and you will comply with conventional and you may religious value expertise.
Stigma was initially discussed because of the Erving Goffman during the 1963. The guy identified stigma since the any trait otherwise attribute which an effective person are devalued, tainted, or noticed shameful or discredited. Next work in this area are determined by the task regarding Goffman, and the notion of stigma might have been browsed in lot of contexts and countries. Stigma was highly influenced by cultural and contextual really worth systems one to differ over the years and you can across contexts. But not, most people accept Goffman’s very first definition, which understood an element of the parts of stigma such labeling, stereotyping, public isolation, prejudice, getting rejected, lack of knowledge, updates loss, lowest thinking-esteem, reasonable notice-effectiveness, marginalization, and you can discrimination [1,2,3].
Psychological state stigma means the latest disgrace, social disapproval, otherwise personal discrediting of people that have a psychological state situation [cuatro, 5]. Literature describes numerous proportions otherwise types of mental health-relevant stigma, and additionally thinking-stigma, personal stigma, elite stigma, and institutional stigma. Self-stigma means bad thinking of an individual so you can his/her own mental disease and is also also known as internalized stigma [step 1, 6]. Self-stigma might have been about bad outcomes, such as for example incapacity to access treatment, disempowerment, quicker care about-efficacy, and you will diminished https://datingmentor.org/escort/little-rock/ quality of life [eight, 8]. Public stigma identifies bad attitudes for the those with mental disease by the held by average man or woman [step 1, 6], have a tendency to predicated on misunderstandings, concern, and you will bias. Linked to societal stigma are perceived stigma which is defined as individual’s opinions towards attitudes from other people toward mental disease. Studies have exhibited the main perception regarding public stigma such as for instance discrimination in workplaces and social businesses . Elite group stigma occurs when healthcare benefits keep stigmatizing perceptions on their patients, and this can be based on worry or confusion of your own factors and you may warning signs of mental disease, otherwise whenever positives by themselves feel stigma in the social or any other medical care benefits due to their performs and exposure to stigmatized individuals . Top-notch stigma are away from version of matter as it can impact the worry and treatment anyone with mental illness gets , plus solution to bodily ailments , and thus affecting their better-getting and you will recuperation. Fundamentally, institutional stigma makes reference to an organization’s regulations or people from negative thinking and you will beliefs to the stigmatized some one, like those that have mental health troubles [1, 6,eight,8,9,10,11,twelve,thirteen,14]. Such as for instance stigma can be bolstered because of the courtroom frameworks, societal policy, and elite group means, and therefore to get seriously embedded when you look at the community .